Art Nouveau has its roots in Britain with the works of Pre-Raphaelite painters inspiring many artists of the time.
Glasgow became the centre of the movement in Britain, with decorative artists like Charles Rennie Mackintosh, James Herbert McNair and Margaret and Frances Macdonald shaping the Glasgow Style and the definition of Art Nouveau, a movement which thrived between 1890 and 1910.
Mackintosh was influenced by French Art Nouveau works, as was Czech artist Alphonse Mucha, who lived in Paris when the movement was flourishing.
Whilst Mucha initially tried to distance himself from Art Nouveau, his name has become synonymous with it. Mucha disagreed with the idea of ‘new’ art as he believed it was constantly evolving, and did not wish to be associated with any one particular group of artists, i.e. surrealists or symbolists.
However, Mucha was known for the symbolism he used within his artwork. His series The Arts
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